Investment is the method of generating profits with the money we save. Money is the most important thing in any individual’s life. Without money, no one can survive. Therefore we should start saving our money and start investing. Financial Planning is the first step to take. Financial Planning helps us to set us long term and short term goals and according to these goals we can create a plan and spend our money accordingly. If financial planning is not properly devised then we can make many mistakes which can affect our life tremendously. Some of the mistakes we make are discussed below.
“The First Wealth is Health”- Ralph Waldo Emerson
In today’s world, not buying a health insurance is the biggest mistake one can ever make. Due to pollution and unhealthy lifestyle, people are getting infected by so many diseases at the early stage of their life. Health is one of the most crucial and important factors in an individual’s life and it should not be ignored. There is a saying that “Health is Wealth” and people are so busy in earning for their life, that they often ignore their wealth. Therefore, this crucial factor of life should be backed up by insurance.
Let’s take an example:
Mr. Stanley Rosario is a hard working serviceman who is working in a marketing company. One day on the way to his job, he met with an accident. He got so many injuries that he had to be hospitalized. His hospital fees amounted to be Rs 60,000 which is more than his one month salary. Now if he had done a proper financial planning and bought health insurance, he did not have to worry about the hospital fees.
Nowadays life taking diseases like Cancer are very common. The treatment of these diseases is very expensive. A common man cannot afford to pay for these diseases by himself. Health insurance plays a very important role in this case. Health insurance can cover the expenses of treatment of this disease.
Doing financial planning from the day you start earning is very important and buying a health insurance should be included in this financial planning.
Your Best Bet is having a Term Insurance
There are many families especially in India, where there is only one person who works and the whole family is dependent on that person. If that person dies, then what would happen to the financial requirements of the family?
“Most people don’t plan to fail, they fail to plan”- John L. Beckley
Therefore, the earning member should buy a term plan in order to secure the financial requirement of his/her family. A term plan is a kind of life insurance which provides coverage during a given period of time. If the person dies during that period then the amount insured will be given to the other member of his/her family. The term insurance plan is less expensive than the other life insurances. One should include buying a term plan in his financial planning.
Save Money and Money will Save You
The youth generation of India has this mindset of spending all the money they earn rather than saving it. They believe in this philosophy that whatever happens, they will see afterward, let us enjoy life now. They do not do financial planning. But this is the biggest mistake they make of not thinking about the future.
Many unforeseen events may occur in which huge sum of money will be required, then from where they will get the money? If we do not start saving today, then we will not able to maintain the standard of living. We also need money for emergency and to avoid taking loans in this situation. In today’s world saving is a must and if we are not saving then we are doing a mistake.
Too scared of diversification?
We live in a world where there are varieties of financial instruments available in which we can invest. People are fond of investing in Fixed Deposits and Public Provision Fund because the working of these instruments could be easily understood. But there are many other financial instruments are available which give us a higher rate of return than fixed deposit like equity, mutual funds, and Government securities. We should diversify our portfolio in order to gain more and also reduce risk.
Taking one step away from freedom
Debt is the amount of money that we borrow from other people when we are not able to meet our financial obligations. When we borrow debt then we also have to pay interest on it. There are many types of debts such as bank loans, mortgage loan, vehicle loan, student loans and so on. Companies take loans to run their business. Individuals take loan to fulfill their needs. We have seen that many times companies become bankrupt as they are not able to pay their debts.
“Borrowed money is the most common way that smart guys go broke”- Warren Buffet
On individuals, there is always the burden of paying interest and returning back the loan. There are many borrowers who try to attract individuals by introducing different type of schemes and individuals get stuck in these schemes. If we do financial planning properly then we will not be in the condition of taking so much debt. We will not be in the stress of paying back those debts and we will able to live a life financial secure if financial planning is done in the early stage of life.
Control your impulses, when you are broke
In this modern world, we get attracted to things that we do not need. We buy branded clothes, get attracted to gadgets, hang out with friends at expensive cafes etc. We compete with other people in society to show how well off we are. But instead of doing unnecessarily expenses we should start investing in financial instruments.
“Many people take no care of their money till they come nearly to the end of it, and others do just the same with their time.”- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
There are many schemes such as low cost EMI, low interest rate credit cards, cheap loans etc in which get trapped. We should be cautious where we should spend our money. This should be also included in our financial planning. We should never over spend our money as it will lead to borrowing debt in future which further leads to stress. We should spend our money wisely. Therefore financial planning at an early stage is very important.
The wrong decisions taken in our life can affect us drastically. Therefore it is very important to start financial planning as soon as we start earning.No individual has the same set goals. So financial planning will differ from one person to the other. According to financial requirements, one must set their goals. If we do not have knowledge on investment products we can take help of the financial advisors. They help us in doing financial planning.